Alley cat animal hospital
An animal hospital is a facility that provides services to sick and injured animals of all kinds, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, fish, and arthropods (insects, spiders, and crustaceans). Because many medical procedures (including surgery) can be performed only on patients who are anesthetized, an animal hospital will typically administer general anesthesia to its patients prior to any necessary procedure.
Because different species have different physical and physiological requirements, the selection of the species for which the facility will provide care can have a great impact on how the facility is run. In the United States, there are no uniform national standards regarding the education, licensing, and treatment of animals by veterinarians. The facilities themselves are regulated by the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) under the Animal Welfare Act, and are subject to inspection and licensing by state or local health agencies. Veterinarians must be licensed in the US by a veterinary college, although the requirements vary significantly by state and whether or not a particular practice offers a four-year degree (as opposed to a three-year degree). In addition to trning as a veterinarian, most veterinarians are required to attend continuing education classes and keep up-to-date on current scientific developments in order to mntn their licenses.
An animal hospital is typically staffed by one or more veterinarians, a large number of veterinary technicians, and other support staff who may be trned in various techniques to assist in the veterinary care of animals. Depending on the procedures needed and the species, a veterinary hospital may have staff specialized in performing surgery, administering anesthesia, treating infections, treating heart conditions, treating eye problems, performing advanced diagnostic procedures, treating cancer, and treating congenital conditions or behavioral issues. In addition to the primary treatment for the patient, the veterinary hospital may also provide assistance in identifying the animal as a stray or abandoned animal, may provide shelter, and may provide assistance with adoption of the animal. They may also include a range of other services such as grooming, boarding, and grooming. Other veterinary health care services provided by a veterinary clinic include the veterinary physical, a pre-operative exam that can help to identify potential problems in the body, that is commonly performed by a veterinary assistant. Other general health care services can include x-rays, blood testing, and treatment of parasites and other conditions in the animal, and vaccinations and other preventative measures. Depending on the clinic, the number of health services provided by a veterinary clinic may vary. In a "pet clinic" in the United States, the veterinarians, veterinary technicians, veterinary assistants and support staff all have at least a high school diploma.
Veterinary medicine has existed for many years as a subspecialty of medicine, having existed in various forms since ancient times. The United States is one of the few countries in the world that still requires a veterinary degree as a prerequisite to becoming a licensed veterinarian. Veterinary medicine in the United States is regulated by a system of veterinary medical schools and a system of Veterinary Medical Examiners (VMEs), or Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Medicine (DACVM). The veterinary medical school system is overseen by the Council on Education and Accreditation of the American Veterinary Medical Association (CAAVMA), while the VME system is administered by the United States Department of Agriculture. Although the United States has the only veterinary medical education system that requires a degree as a prerequisite to licensing, the requirements are very minimal and many veterinary students are trned in veterinary clinics.
Although some degree of specialization and trning occurs in veterinary medicine, the mn form of specialization is the general practice of medicine. This is common to many medical fields, including medicine, surgery, emergency medicine, and internal medicine. In general, most veterinarians spend the majority of their time interacting directly with their patients, working with people, and interacting with people who interact with animals. As such, many veterinarians are known as generalists.
Veterinarians may specialize in small animal or large animal medicine, depending on the animals they treat. Small animals include domestic cats, dogs, horses, and livestock such as cattle, sheep, and goats. Large animals include larger carnivores such as lions, tigers, bears, and hyenas. Small animals and livestock tend to be seen in an outpatient setting, whereas large animals are often treated in an inpatient setting.
Veterinarians are also specialists in internal medicine, which includes the areas of hematology and oncology, gastroenterology, and nephrology.
Veterinarians perform advanced surgical procedures such as spay and neuter surgeries, castrations, and ovariectomies (ovaries are cut out). They also perform some procedures that are commonly performed by physicians such as tooth extractions, cyst removals, heartworm preventatives, dental extractions, eye surgeries, skin surgeries, vaccinations, and general anesthesia, among others.
Some veterinarians are also trned to deal with patients with conditions that are rare. In the United States, these people can often trn and get certified through the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Veterinarians work in research facilities as well as in zoos and shelters. Many are hired as part-time instructors at veterinary schools, including veterinary schools in the United States.
Animal welfare movement
American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges
Veterinary Medical Board of California
Veterinary Student Resources - National Veterinary Leadership Foundation
Veterinary Technician - Association for Veterinary Technical Education
Veterinary Technician Student Association, the official organization of students at the American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges
Veterinary Ethics Committee of the AAVMC
Canadian Veterinary Medical Education Consortium