In detail

Which cat diseases are transferable to humans?

When cat diseases are communicable to humans, they are called zoonoses. In addition to rabies and toxoplasmosis, this also includes parasites. Some cat diseases can be transmitted by fleas - Image: Shutterstock / Baishev

Fortunately, you can prevent most cat diseases that are communicable to humans. Here you will find some information on how to counteract an infection.

Cat diseases dangerous to humans

One of the typical cat diseases that can also affect humans is rabies. If you are bitten or scratched by a rabid cat, the rhabdovirus spreads to you. The velvet paw can become infected with mice and rats with toxoplasmosis pathogens, which can also be transmitted to bipeds. In healthy adults, the disease is usually asymptomatic, rarely there are spleen and liver problems or heart muscle diseases. In contrast, toxoplasmosis is dangerous for children, adolescents and pregnant women. Young people can get meningitis and mothers-to-be can miscarry. The child may also be born with disabilities.

Furthermore, parasites, especially cat fleas, pose a possible risk of infection. They can act as intermediate hosts for cat diseases that are transmissible to humans. For example, some tapeworm species are transported by cats on fleas and by fleas to the human host. As a result, the liver can be damaged.

This is how you prevent infection

Regular vaccinations not only protect your velvet paw, but also you from cat diseases such as rabies. You should also deworm your fur nose regularly and protect it from fleas. If the vermin can still be seen, remove them as soon as possible.

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The best way to prevent toxoplasmosis is to protect yourself and your family through hygiene. The pathogens are mainly transmitted via cat feces, but only become active after two to four days. However, if you clean the litter box daily or at least remove the piles, the risk of infection is limited. As a precaution, pregnant women should, however, leave the litter box cleaning to others.

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