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Acpo dog trning manual
The ACPO dog trning manual.
Dog trning with rewards
by John P. Smith, Ph.D. Dog trner of the year.
Dog Trning is the most important topic in this forum! Please check out my articles and manuals below on this topic.
Dog trning with rewards is a trning method which can be used to teach almost any command or behavior. The first step in this approach is to define exactly what behavior that we are trying to teach is. What are the specific trning objectives? Once we know the exact behavior that we wish to teach, we are able to design a trning program and then apply it to the dog in a systematic, logical fashion. This approach will teach the dog the behavior, and will be more easily accepted by the dog, because it is a reward-based trning approach.
Rewards are the secret ingredient in any reward-based trning system. Rewards can be defined in a number of ways. For example, if the behavior that we are trning is to stay off the furniture, we can define staying off the furniture as a behavior that we wish to teach the dog. So, in this case, the reward is getting the dog to stay off the furniture. This definition of reward is the simplest of all. For instance, it is very easy to get a dog to lie down, just by rewarding the behavior. But in some cases, it may be necessary to define the reward in more specific terms. For example, what is the reward if the dog jumps off the furniture to go play with a ball in a room that he is not permitted to play in? What if the dog is jumping off the furniture to go to the bathroom? What if the dog is jumping off the furniture to get to a dog bowl? In such cases, a trning system that is based on rewards should include a reward for getting the dog into position in which the dog will perform a desired behavior.
Many trning programs are based on this simple reward system. When a dog does a behavior that the owner commands, the owner then rewards the dog by giving him a toy or food. The owner can also reward the dog by verbally saying, "Good dog!" As I have mentioned before, rewards are a necessary part of any trning program, regardless of the type of trning system that is being used.
There are some trning programs that are designed to teach dogs the basic behavior of being "good." In such a program, the rewards would be food or toys for the dog. But there are other trning programs that are designed to teach more sophisticated behaviors. For example, a dog who is not yet housetrned, and has to be trned to use a doormat, would probably be taught the behavior by first showing the dog that he is going to be rewarded when he goes to the bathroom on the floor. Then, when he goes to the bathroom, he is rewarded. If he doesn't go to the bathroom on the floor, he is not rewarded. Once the dog is able to perform the desired behavior consistently, the trning is finished, and he is rewarded for every time that he does the behavior. For example, the trning program might be that if he uses the doormat, he gets to go outside to run in the yard, if he doesn't use the doormat, he doesn't get to run in the yard.
In addition to using a trning program based on the rewards, the program should have a reward that is most acceptable to the dog, based on his nature. For instance, if a dog is very shy, then he might be encouraged to be more outgoing, by first teaching him that he is going to be rewarded if he does something, and then rewarding him if he does that behavior. The same approach should be used to teach the dog to sit, stay, come when called, etc. You can see that the approach can be complex.
The first step in the process of trning the dog using the rewards approach is to create the trning program. If you are trning a young puppy, then there is no point in beginning until the puppy is a bit older and less prone to nipping or other undesirable behaviors. Once the program is created, you can begin to apply it to the dog.
The program should be created by observing the behavior that the dog is exhibiting, and determining exactly what the reward would be for that behavior. To help you, ask the owner what the reward would be. If there is no answer, then you have to decide for yourself. The reward should be a behavior of the dog that is acceptable to the owner, and should fit the type of behavior that the owner wishes to teach. For example, if the dog's behavior is going on the furniture, the reward should be a "get off the furniture" reward. If the dog's behavior is going to the door, the reward should be a "go outside" reward. If the dog is going to the bathroom, then the reward should be a "get to the bathroom" reward. It's a simple idea, but one that can be complicated by the dog's age and the complexity of the behavior. But it is this type of program that is used in the majority of trning programs that use the reward-based approach.
In the dog trning forum on this website, you will find a number of articles on reward-based trning. If you wish to use this approach in trning your dog, the articles will give you the information that you need to teach the dog using the rewards approach.
John P. Smith, Ph.D., is a highly respected and published dog trner. He is an author of five books and the author of a number of articles. He has been a guest on radio and television programs, including the Dr. Phil show, as well as being a guest on the Oprah show. John has trned the President of the United States, and was invited to trn the President of Mexico.
For more information on using rewards in dog trning, check out the dog trning manual below.
Dogs: How to Trn Them is avlable as an ebook download, as well as a hard copy that is mled to you.
Do you have trouble keeping your dog out of trouble?