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Maple tree dog camp


Maple tree dog camp

Maple tree dog camp (MTDC) was an intentional breeding colony of domesticated beagles that was established in May 1957 on the grounds of the Brookfield Zoo, in Brookfield, Illinois, USA. The purpose of the breeding colony was to create an improved working breed for the United States Department of Agriculture's National Animal Germplasm Program and the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center's Canine Breeding Program. When MTDC ceased operations in August 1972, over two hundred of the colony's dogs had been born.

History

Establishment of MTDC

The first dogs were imported from Denmark to Brookfield Zoo in December 1955 by Dr. Harry J. O. P. Kleemeier, then Chief Veterinarian of the Brookfield Zoo, and Mrs. Kleemeier.

The breeding colony was established in the spring of 1957 with dogs imported from Denmark. In order to prevent disease transmission from wild animals to domesticated animals, the dogs were all quarantined for two to three months.

Name and description

The breeders were not told about the purpose of the colony until after the first litter was born.

The breeders named the colony after their dogs, the Maple Tree Dog Camp. The beagle was chosen as the official breed for the colony. The breeder colony is notable for the breeding of several highly-successful American Kennel Club-registered beagles.

Purpose

The breeding colony's purpose was to produce a domesticated beagle breed for use in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Animal Germplasm Program and the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center's Canine Breeding Program. The colony was also used to increase the knowledge of beagle-breeding.

Breeding program

The breeding program of the colony was designed to breed a "working" beagle. The dogs were expected to perform many tasks including:

guarding livestock

detecting and tracking live and dead animals

assisting in research programs

participating in herding tests and competitions

The colony's breeding program also included the following breeding objectives:

to breed dogs with excellent working and herding abilities

to avoid breeding dogs with excessive size and coat type

Use of the dogs

The colony's dogs were used for a variety of different tasks including:

guarding livestock

detecting and tracking live and dead animals

herding and conducting livestock research

participating in herding tests and competitions

assisting in research programs

The dogs were trained to perform these tasks by their handlers.

Dogs born in the colony

Lulu was born in 1958 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1962 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Cinder was born in 1958 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1960 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests. Cinder was later awarded Best Herding Dog of the Year in 1961 by the National Herding Association and Best Beagle of the Year in 1963 by the American Beagle Club.

Dixie was born in 1959 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1962 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1959 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1963 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1960 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1961 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1961 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1962 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1961 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1963 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1960 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1962 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1962 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1963 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1961 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1963 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1962 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1963 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1963 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1964 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1963 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1964 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be used in herding tests.

Dixie was born in 1962 and was one of the colony's first pups. In the summer of 1963 she was purchased by the Brookfield Zoo and was sent to the United States Department of Agriculture to be


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