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Can cats have mushrooms

Can cats have mushrooms


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Can cats have mushrooms in their poop? | PetMDhttp://www.petmd.com/cat/mushroom-poop/

Cat CareMon, 26 Feb 2015 16:09:30 +0000en-UShourly1http://wordpress.org/?v=4.1.3Can Cats Have Mushrooms in Their Pooh?http://www.petmd.com/cat/mushroom-poop/

http://www.petmd.com/cat/mushroom-poop/#commentsMon, 26 Feb 2015 16:09:30 +0000http://www.petmd.com/cat/mushroom-poop/?p=2667Can Cats Have Mushrooms in Their Pooh?

Mushrooms or toadstools are the fruiting bodies produced by several groups of filamentous fungi, and are generally considered a part of the domain Basidiomycota. Mushroom spores are carried in the air and, when rain falls, they are deposited on soil surfaces and on the undersides of plant leaves, and on the bodies of insects. Mushrooms can grow in the wild or can be cultivated. Mushrooms are commonly eaten as an ingredient of various foods, such as soups, salads, and main dishes. The health benefits of mushrooms and mushrooms extracts have recently attracted increased attention. Mushrooms are widely used as a food additive in a variety of traditional Japanese dishes, such as natto, a fermented soybean dish that also uses mold as an ingredient, but its health benefits are now being studied in other parts of the world.

Mushrooms vary in color from white to brown, dark red, or black. In many species, the cap is fleshy and the stem is hollow, and may be bulbous or long and slender. Some mushrooms are edible, such as the button mushroom, the shiitake mushroom, the white button mushroom, the pleurotus or oyster mushroom, the king oyster mushroom, the porcini mushroom, the shimeji mushroom, the chanterelle mushroom, the jelly mushroom, and the reishi mushroom. In some species, such as the golden oyster mushroom, the shiitake mushroom, and the shimeji mushroom, the mushrooms are edible, while in other species, such as the king oyster mushroom, the porcini mushroom, and the jelly mushroom, they are not. Mushrooms are known by a number of names, including “mushrooms”, “pipes”, “toadstools”, “puffballs”, and “earwigs”.

Mushrooms are members of the agaric family Agaricaceae (mushroom family), a family of basidiomycetous fungi. Basidiomycetous fungi produce gills, a fruiting body that develops from the hyphae of a basidiospore on the mushroom. Basidiomycetous mushrooms are generally small in size, from about the size of a thumbnail to more than 100 times larger than that. About 25% of known fungi are basidiomycetes. Some species are saprophytic, deriving their nutrients from dead plant material, others are ectomycorrhizal, and provide their hosts with nutrients from living plants. Mycorrhizal fungi are particularly common among plants that live in arid environments, where the availability of minerals is low. Approximately, 15% of all flowering plants form mycorrhizal associations.

Most mushrooms have a symbiotic relationship with a species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. In return, the fungus provides the mushrooms with phosphorus and minerals that they are unable to produce on their own. While such fungi are well adapted to the conditions of the fungus-growing symbiosis, they are generally not well adapted to other ecological niches. One species of fungus-growing amarillid, Amanita piperita, grows exclusively with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and does not grow in ectomycorrhizal associations. The relationship between fungi and their respective partners is called mycorrhiza, from Greek μυς and κρέας “flesh”.

Ecology and dispersal

As saprophytes, mushrooms grow on decaying plant matter, such as wood, leaves, grass, or animal dung. Many mushrooms grow in forests or other areas with dead or dying trees and wood. Many of the fungi that grow on dead wood are ectomycorrhizal, meaning they associate with the roots of plants that have the ability to digest wood, such as trees.

Some saprobic fungi, such as boletes, mushrooms with thick caps, can become large enough to be easily dispersed by wind and rain, and sometimes form mycorrhizal associations with trees. One type of fungus that is dispersed through such a process, is the chanterelle. Mushrooms with the ability to disperse in this way are sometimes called “windborne.”

Dormancy and the mushroom’s life cycle

Mushrooms can enter an extended period of dormancy called the autumn dormancy. Mushrooms from other genera will not be able to resume growth during this period. The mushrooms that do re-activate typically do so during the first year after the dormancy period, generally in the spring. This is true of most boletes, some other genera, and many morel species. The exact mechanism behind the activation is not known, and scientists have even argued whether or not the entire mushroom is required for re-activation.

Some mushrooms, such as the fairy ring mushroom, are characterized by repeated growth, which is a process called alternation. Alternation is also seen in several genera of mushroom. As a species within a genus with this ability, a particular example is the parasol mushroom. These mushrooms produce only fruit bodies at a single time each year. The fruiting time is also quite variable, since it may not occur in the spring.

The autumn dormancy that is seen in most species is believed to be necessary for species survival. The purpose of the dormancy is to prepare the mushroom for the harsh winter climate by reducing its water consumption. This is likely to help to explain the need for alternation among certain genera. Species that have an ability to reproduce sexually may, like parasol mushrooms, not need to undergo the preparation for winter. Species that reproduce asexually have reduced reproductive options, and therefore require the season of dormancy in order to produce enough fruit bodies for the population to survive the season.

Anecdotal reports have attributed the appearance of the autumn mushroom to the presence of a mite or spider. These reports suggest that the mite's activities stimulate the mushroom to produce fruit bodies. However, this effect has not been verified.

The effects of the winter climate are felt by mushrooms in the fall through the winter. This can be seen by comparing the number of mushroom fruit bodies in the fall and winter, and the presence of spores in the fall and winter. Because the mushrooms are dormant, spore production does not occur during the dormant season. The effects of this are two-fold. Mushrooms that re-activate in the spring need to grow rapidly to produce new fruit



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