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Nasal dermatoses in cats.
Infectious and noninfectious causes of dermatitis in cats are discussed, with particular emphasis on clinical signs and histopathology. Acute to chronic cutaneous and mucocutaneous conditions, primarily dermatophytosis, pyoderma, lymphadenitis, demodicosis, allergic and nonallergic alopecia, and ectoparasite dermatitis are reviewed. Noninfectious disorders affecting the skin and hair coat that are also important for feline dermatologists to recognize include feline atopic dermatitis and primary cutaneous mast cell tumors. Dermatopathology techniques, including hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, and Alcian blue stains are described and demonstrated, and differential diagnosis and treatment options for several common cutaneous conditions are discussed. Management of skin disease in cats is reviewed, and feline dermatology education, screening, and prevention protocols are suggested.