As with humans, the same applies to your dog: the scenarios are endless that could be responsible for causing an injury or worse. In the case of the four-legged friend, you have a duty: you must ensure that your companion is always protected in the best possible way. The most important point that minimizes the risk that something bad can happen to your dog is the right upbringing. Your dog must always be able to respond to your command in a dangerous situation. It is your job to ensure that this works reliably. The following four commands should be mastered by your dog without any ifs and buts so that it is safe with you.
1. "Seat", "Seat" or "Down"
"Sit", "Seat" or "Down": Sit or lie down until I tell you that you can get up again. The classic among dog commands has an immense security aspect. A dog that, regardless of the distance to you on this command, brings its body to the ground and remains in this position, will not even get into many possible dangers. Search and rescue dogs, for example, are trained to listen to this command even when they are moving at full speed towards someone to be rescued.
The reason is obvious here: dangers of the respective terrain are avoided and the dog handler must be able to reach the dog safely at any time and under any condition. The scenarios in your everyday life may seem a bit more banal, but they could be at least as dangerous. Example: You see that your dog is running towards an approaching car. Depending on the situation and timing, your dog would be in even greater danger if you called him over. Bringing him to a standstill and sitting or lying down will protect your companion.
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"Out": Immediately drop what's in your snout; turn away from what you are busy with; don't even pick this up. It cannot be prevented: Dogs always manage to get their snouts and teeth on everything in a matter of seconds. So far no problem, after all the four-legged friend is checking out his environment and its details. But: There are many things in this world that are anything but good for your fur nose. Whether medication intended for humans, chicken bones, dangerous household items or poison baits: your dog is in serious danger if it chews or swallows certain things.
A dog that is well trained will drop everything as soon as they give the "off" command. In addition, this command has a preventive function. Depending on the situation, you see much earlier than your four-legged friend that something is unsuitable for him. Your "out" will make him turn his attention away from the respective object, he will not even take the object of his curiosity in his mouth.
"Halt": Stop immediately and only continue when I tell you. Similar to the "seat", "seat" or "down" command, stopping in one movement and reliably standing still creates great additional security. In contrast to the classic, the command is also suitable in variable, rapidly changing situations.
At your command, the dog can quickly release its stop and does not have to abort a more firm resting position such as sitting or lying down. An important command in road traffic in particular, which flexibly protects your dog from dangers, for example on busy roads. Situations are also conceivable in nature, in which a "stop" at the right moment can avert risks.
"Come": Run to me as soon as I call you. In our world, dogs always get themselves into trouble with their energy. Once their curiosity is piqued, they don't worry about impending dangers, but step on the gas to reach the object of their desire. Your reliable command to call your four-legged friend can make the decisive difference. You will not always be able to predict whether a hazard such as a car is lurking on your fur nose. But if your dog is already on the move and you notice the risk, a simple "come" could save his life.