Periodontitis in dogs progresses slowly and leads to great pain and tooth loss if no timely treatment is given. The symptoms are not always equally pronounced - at times your four-legged friend can be well again, so that he does not show any signs of illness in between. So be extra careful and go to the vet for a dental check-up - tooth damage that has already occurred cannot be reversed.
Periodontitis in dogs: recognize symptoms
Dental problems are usually noticeable through a bad breath. If your four-legged friend smells of its food immediately after eating or has just eaten something that smells very bad, bad breath is not an indication of periodontitis, but if it also has bad breath, a visit to the veterinarian is advisable. During a dental check, the veterinarian can check whether the plaque is a cause for concern, whether gums may have regressed or become inflamed. Bleeding gums are a symptom of inflammation, which is often associated with periodontitis.
Pain in the mouth can also affect your dog's general health. This is noticeable through reduced play instinct, listlessness and fatigue. Your four-legged friend may suddenly become sensitive and flinch when you want to stroke it on the head. Loss of appetite can also occur, but usually only when periodontitis is well advanced.
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Treatment of periodontitis at the veterinarian
How complex the treatment of periodontitis becomes depends on how far the disease has spread. In any case, the veterinarian must thoroughly clean the teeth, gingival pockets and tooth roots and remove plaque. In particularly severe cases, the veterinarian will put your dog under anesthesia for treatment. If the tooth holder is already destroyed, the corresponding tooth must be removed completely; a dental prosthesis for dogs then takes the place of the diseased tooth.
This is how you can help your dog with dental problems
If your dog has received dentures or his teeth have been cleaned thoroughly, this is not enough. Now you have to brush your dog's teeth carefully every day with a special toothbrush and dog toothpaste so that periodontitis does not progress and more teeth may have to be removed and replaced. You can find more tips on this topic in our guide "Dental care for dogs: How to keep your teeth healthy".