Cats love to explore the world as a free lover - Image: Shutterstock / Anastasija Popova If your cat is chipped, you can find it better if you lose it - Shutterstock / dezi
The curiosity of cats is almost limitless. Most cats love to explore the great outdoors. Unfortunately, life as a free-range cat has not only advantages, but also disadvantages.
With the right preparation, however, you can mitigate the dangers of the big wide world for your velvet paw. How? You can find out here.
Cat as a walker: Only in a suitable environment
Before you even start raising your cat as a freelancer, take a good look at your surroundings: do you have busy roads nearby? Aggressive neighboring dogs? Neighbors who don't like cats?
In that case, pure housing or secured access is probably the better choice. If the area appears to be relatively calm and peaceful, you can start preparing for your cat's first outing.
First acclimatize the cat, then allow free access
Have you just moved your cat or have you just taken in the house tiger? Then it is important that you get used to the velvet paw in your new home before you let the cat out for the first time. If your cat does not yet feel at home with you and then gets free access, the risk is simply too great that it will not come back.
When can cats go out?
When a cat's first go is appropriate varies from animal to animal. Some fur noses get used to it very quickly, others take a little longer. As a rule of thumb, however, it takes four to six weeks to get used to it before the cat is allowed outside for the first time.
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Have the cat chipped before being allowed out
It's a good idea to give your cat a tag, such as a microchip, before you allow it to go outside.
If your cat should ever get lost, it can be clearly assigned to you as the owner based on the chip. This significantly increases the chances that you and your pet will find each other again.
Speaking of microchip: You can check your cat's clearance using a microchip-controlled cat flap, among other things. The door for your Miez has an integrated timer.
This means that your cat can only come in and out at predefined times. Furthermore, keep uninvited visitors away, because the flap only opens for the wearer with the microchip.
Have the cat neutered before the first walk
In addition, you should have both cats and cats neutered before going outside. This way you avoid unwanted offspring, who may later have to fight for survival under difficult conditions on the street.
Furthermore, neutered cats are usually calmer than their fertile counterparts and stay closer to the house. The reason for this is that they no longer have to walk kilometers to go to the bridal show or to look for a male who likes to mate.
And when can the cat get out after neutering? In principle, your cat can go outside again as soon as the surgical scar has healed as far as possible and she wants to go on a trip again.
However, it only makes sense to really only allow your cat unsecured access once it has been neutered. Because the animals are sexually mature very early and then very fertile - and there are far too many stray cats without a loving home.
By the way: In some communities there is even a legal castration requirement for free-roaming cats.
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Vaccinate the free-range cat sufficiently and protect it from parasites
One more thing is important for your cat's health if you want to let her outside: vaccinations. Ask the vet what vaccinations are useful if your cat is outside regularly. Preventive measures against ticks, fleas and other parasites are also a must.
As a free litter, cats also need a worming treatment more often than their counterparts, who essentially stay in the house or apartment. Cats can catch various worms from wild animals and infested fur noses, as well as from eating mice and other prey.
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Get the cat used to the step-by-step approach
Is your cat used to your home, castrated, chipped and vaccinated enough? Wonderful, then it can finally be a matter of getting them used to the outdoors. Do not rush anything and proceed in small steps.
In the beginning, it can make sense to put on a harness for your cat and explore the garden with her on a leash. So she can sniff the surroundings in peace without the risk of running away.
However, some cats hate the cat harness right away and deep, then you should not force them to do so. Nevertheless, accompany your room tiger on his first excursions, so that he knows that you are there for him and that he can rely on you.
It is also a good idea if you practice a certain routine with your cat. For example, only let them outside at certain times and call them back in at dusk.
If you also clatter with the food can, your fur nose will always be happy to come home from your trips. You can find more tips in the guide "Free walkers: How long do cats stay away?".
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