What Shortens Dog Life Expectancy?

The life expectancy of dogs is on average ten to 16 years and depends, among other things, on their owners. Some harmless and well-intentioned decisions can shorten a dog's lifespan. What factors these are is revealed here. What affects dog life expectancy? - Image: Shutterstock / Monika Chodak

Dogs are valuable family members, good friends and animal soul mates. It is all the more important that the four-legged friends have a long and healthy life ahead of them. And even if you are not immune to a lot of fate, the owners have the best conditions for a long life expectancy for dogs. If you love your partner on four paws, you should avoid the following life-shortening factors:

1. Skip the annual check-up

Even if the dog looks fit, healthy four-legged friends should be examined by the veterinarian once a year. After all, dogs cannot communicate and many signs of illness cannot be seen with the naked eye.

The check-up is usually carried out with the annual vaccination. The veterinarian then examines the pet's teeth, eyes, fur and skin more closely. If there is a suspicion, further investigations can follow.

A blood test is also worthwhile for older animals. Then the veterinarian sees how the individual organs of the dog are. He can react quickly to illnesses, which is not the case if owners avoid the annual check-up because they think it is a waste of time or money.

2. Bad or lack of socialization of the dog

Dogs need friends: just like humans, they are social beings. Interactions with other people and with other members of the same species strengthen the social skills of the animal and are therefore essential.

Failure to do so, or poor socialization, can affect dog life expectancy. Because they are not used to contact others, walks or visits mean pure stress for them. Among other things, this can be expressed in the form of aggressive behavior, self-harm or dermatological problems.

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3. Too many kilos harm the dog

The fact is: being overweight shortens dog's life expectancy. On the one hand, obesity damages the musculoskeletal system of the animals. Ligaments, tendons and joints are put under heavy strain, which can cause diseases such as osteoarthritis. In addition, there is an increased risk of high blood pressure, organ diseases, metabolic disorders and diabetes in obese four-legged friends.

In addition to the shortened life expectancy, the quality of life of the animal is also reduced. An obese dog is extremely limited in terms of mobility and condition. Only weight loss through a change in diet can help.

4. No or little spout

Dogs naturally have a strong urge to move. It is the owner's responsibility to comply with this. Bicycle tours, a long walk or a trip to the dog meadow, where the four-legged friend can let off steam, strengthen the animal's immune system and provide him with a lot of happiness hormones.

But not only is there enough space for dogs to have a long life expectancy, the animals also want to be mentally challenged. Retrieval exercises or participation in agility groups are ideal for this.

5. Bad teeth in dogs

Dental problems in dogs are a serious problem. Not only do they lead to pain when eating, bacterial inflammation can also affect internal organs - a path of infection that is often underestimated. Regular checks and chewing in the form of hard bones help here and give the four-legged friends a healthy and, above all, long dog life.

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