If diabetes is suspected, the veterinarian must first rule out other diseases. Therefore, he does blood and urine tests to determine the causes of the symptoms. If your blood and urine levels are high in sugar, your dog may have diabetes.
If the disease is more advanced, additional examinations can help to find out whether there are complications such as urinary tract infections or cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye). Of course, these are also taken into account during the treatment.
Dogs with diabetes: treatment with insulin
Dogs with diabetes are treated on the one hand by changing their diet and on the other hand with medication. You usually need to give your diabetic dog an injection of insulin daily. Your vet will show you how to put the syringe so you can make it up at home.
He also determines the dose and the time interval between medication administration, which is tailored to your animal. The insulin syringe is usually given after feeding. The amount of insulin depends, among other things, on the body weight of the animal, but also on other circumstances, such as the degree of diabetes.
Changing the diet of dogs with diabetes
A balanced dog diet is also important for dogs with diabetes. In any case, you should make sure that the dog food is not sugar-containing and contains little carbohydrates. An increased crude fiber content slows the absorption of sugar from food into the blood and thus prevents excessive levels after feeding.
Obesity worsens the symptoms and is very unfavorable for the course of the disease. Healthy food, possibly also special diet food, should be available to the dog in small meals and at regular intervals. Make sure that this always contains the same composition, because then you do not need to adjust the insulin dosage again and again.
Diabetes in dogs: cause and symptoms
Diabetes in dogs is a metabolic disease, the symptoms of which mostly from middle age ...
Fresh air and little stress for diabetic four-legged friends
A lot of exercise is good for dogs with diabetes and at the same time a healthy preventive measure against obesity. If your four-legged friend was previously rather lazy to move, he now has to learn to go for longer and more regular walks.
Slowly get used to it by gradually extending the walk around the house. If you increase the pace and distance from one day to the next too much, this could overwhelm your dog. And stress is poison for your diabetic four-legged friend: Make sure as much as possible that his daily routine is not only regular, but also calm so that he feels comfortable.
Bitches with diabetes should be neutered as much as possible, because hormonal changes during the heat can cause them additional problems. Progesterone and growth hormone are increased during this time and form a counterpole to insulin, which can bring the blood sugar level out of balance.
Regular checks - at home and at the vet
At the beginning of the diagnosis of diabetes, it is difficult to adjust to the disease. Over time, you will learn when your dog's blood sugar level increases - after eating, for example, or when he is excited - and when it drops again. For the first time, it's best to keep a diary of your blood sugar levels. In it, record the measured blood sugar value of your dog several times over the course of the day.
The resulting blood sugar curve can be helpful, for example, when visiting a veterinarian. The doctor can read directly from this whether his animal patient is getting enough insulin or whether the dose may need to be increased. Regular visits to the vet are extremely important with dogs with diabetes. At the beginning of the disease every five days, then every few weeks, later every three to six months. In practice, his blood sugar, general blood count and general condition are checked so that your four-legged friend can live a long, beautiful life despite his dangerous metabolic disease.