A suitable home for the cute rodents is one of the most important factors for the well-being of the animals. So that you can set up the hamster cage so that everything is appropriate for the species and beautiful for your hamster, you should heed the following tips.
Hamster cage: size must be appropriate to the species
Before going to the hamster cage facility, a few words about the ideal size: it can't be big enough. A length of 120 centimeters and a width of 60 centimeters corresponds approximately to the minimum that you as a responsible hamster owner should observe. Unfortunately, the pet store often offers much smaller cages under the name "hamster cage", so you will rarely find a cage with ideal dimensions. Tip: Terrariums or aquariums are usually the better choice than constructions from specialist retailers. You can also build a hamster cage yourself, but you should then have technical skills and experience so that the small rodent's home is safe.
Bedding for the hamster cage
The floor of the hamster home should be padded with suitable bedding. The commercially available small animal litter made from wood shavings is classic and simple. Layer the small animal litter at least 40 centimeters high in the hamster cage. As an alternative to small animal litter, you can also imitate a natural floor. This has the advantage that your rodents can dig their typical caves themselves. Layer bird's sand and dry, clean earth on top of each other and then put the bedding on top. Offer your hamsters enough construction material so that their digging work is stable enough. Straw, hay or non-toxic leaves are recommended for this.
Set up a hamster cage: the dormitory
A hamster cage should have a species-appropriate dormitory in which your rodents can find peace and sleep. Plastic houses are not recommended because they can cause waterlogging. It is best to choose a wooden house that roughly corresponds to a bird nesting box. The advantage of wood: Your hamsters can wear their constantly growing teeth on the material. In addition, wood ensures a good air exchange and dampens noises, so that the animals have inner peace. Tip: The dormitory should not have too many windows, as darkness is an important factor for sleep rest.
Feeding place and watering place
At a feeding point for the hamster, make sure that the bowl is robust and stable. Solid materials such as stone or porcelain are good choices. You can also offer the hamster food in bird bowls that can be attached to the cage - these are easy to clean and save space. Tip: Occasionally hide loose food in the cage - the foraging is fun for your rodents.
It is best to offer water in hanging water bottles (nipple drinkers), because the water in these bottles remains fresh and cannot be contaminated by litter, food residues or feces. With drinking bottles, make sure that the suction points are easily accessible and that your hamsters do not have to "bend" too much to get refreshed.
Small hamster competition: who eats the cutest?
The wheel in the hamster cage
There are also a few things to consider when it comes to the wheel. Basically, a balance bike is a good idea as it is a nice addition to the daily exercise program. However, the bike should be safe: make sure it is big enough. In a too small impeller, the hamsters bend, which can lead to great health damage. Sprouts are also taboo, as the rodents with their paws can get in between and break bones. Important: An impeller doesn't make up for a cage that is too small or too little movement!
Caves and climbing opportunities in the hamster cage
Hamsters naturally love to crawl in caves and romp around underground. So think of caves when you set up your hamster cage. On the one hand, you should always put a few building materials such as hay, straw or non-toxic leaves in the cage with which the animals can build caves. On the other hand, you can also use finished tunnels, for example made from kitchen paper or toilet paper rolls. You can also find cork or wood hiding places in specialist shops.
Also provide climbing places. The dormitory, for example, can also be used as a viewing platform, provided that it has a flat roof. Slate slabs, natural stones and wooden platforms complete the climbing offer. However, be careful not to generate potential crash sites by building too high. Even a fall from a low height can seriously injure a hamster. Otherwise, your hamsters are sure to be happy about all sorts of games, such as seesaws, bridges, sand boxes and Co. There are no limits to your imagination when it comes to equipment. Find out more in the pet shop.