You say "sit" and your dog barks. You call "stay" and your dog is looking for space? Well, this is not because your dog wants to wipe you out or even that he is stupid, but possibly because of one of the following mistakes in dog training.
If you want to raise your dog, you have to do it firmly and consistently. Inconsistency in dog training is an absolute no-go and sometimes confuses your four-legged friend. If you set certain rules, they must be followed. For example, if you give him something from the breakfast table every now and then, but basically have the rule that the dog doesn't get anything from human food, Wuff won't understand why you're angry when he begs and doesn't give him anything. In principle, you should not react to begging, otherwise the dog will always try it if it wants something!
Also a form of inconsistency: contradictions in dog training. Dogs combine your command with your facial expressions and gestures. Be determined in your commands and adapt your body language to the command. If you are quiet and shy "Out!" whisper, your dog may not understand the urgency of the command. A definite and clear "out!" however, he takes it seriously.
Dogs learn best behavior through positive experiences. Violence and particularly brutal violence are taboo in dog training! Rough upbringing does not achieve desired behavior, but instead destroys friendship between humans and dogs and promotes behavioral disorders.
A dog should be a full member of the family. A dog should also be a dog and should not be humanized. It confuses dogs when they are treated like humans. If, for example, your fur nose is afraid in a certain situation, such as the postman, you should not caress and calm him down, but let him and with a loving and calm gesture signal that there is no reason for the fear. Otherwise, confirm your fear.
Also important: don't carry your dog around for no reason. If your four-legged friend is not injured or cannot climb stairs or walk for other reasons, you should not lift him up. Dogs are animals and do not want to be treated like humans. If you put them on your arm, they usually feel uncomfortable because they no longer feel firm ground under their paws. This applies to huge Great Danes as well as to small Chihuahuas.
Use appeasement signals in dog training
Dogs use numerous appeasement signals when they with their peers or with you ...
5. Wrong timing
No matter whether positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement - the timing must always be right. Dogs live in the here and now. If you want to reward your dog with a dog treat or praise for a particular behavior, you must do so immediately after the behavior so that the reward is linked to the behavior. A reward that is too late has no effect. You should also have the right timing for commands. If you shout "stop" several meters in front of an obstacle and not just in front of it, you only confuse your dog.
6. Multiple commands
Speaking of commands. Your dog is probably not deaf and will understand you the first time. If you keep shouting "space" and your animal partner does not react, it is not because you have called five or ten times too little, but because you have to train the command properly. A permanent sound system undermines your authority and is annoying for everyone involved.
Patience is a virtue and extremely important in dog training. Learning mistakes are part of this, both in humans and in dogs. It is important that you are always patient with your four-legged friend and never overwhelm him. Should your dog ever have problems with an exercise, do not push it or get angry, but make the exercise easier or simply try again at a different time.